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 Заголовок сообщения: Updated Ore Carrier Advice
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Uses and general purposes of sea-going bulk carriers

There are numerous risks that can be encountered when operating seagoing bulk carriers. It is important to plan carefully and exercise precautions for all shipboard matters are important . This website is intended to serve as a quick reference for international shipping communities. It provides information and guidance on loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The site should remain within the guidelines established by the classification society. It is essential to reduce the chance of stressing the vessel's structure and follow all safety precautions for safe passage at sea. Our detailed pages address a variety of aspects of bulk carriers that may be interesting to people working on board or ashore at the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are single-deck vessels that are fitted with top-side tanks as well as side tanks. They are designed to carry bulk cargo of a single commodity. Solid bulk cargo is any material other than liquids or gases comprised of a mixture of granules and particles. It is possible to load directly into cargo areas without any form of confinement. Dry cargo comprises sugar, bulk grains, and even ore. The bulk carrier is a vessel that is used primarily to carry liquid or bulky cargo. It also includes tankers. In normal usage, however the term is typically used for those vessels designed to transport bulky solid cargoes, which is typically grain and agricultural products similar to it as well as mineral products such as coal, ore, stone, etc. in one or more of the voyages. Have a look at this dry bulk carrier info for more.

Изображение

What Is A Bulk-Carrier What Are The Most Important Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

The capacity of carrying varies between 3,000 and 300,000.
Average speed of 1215 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers with medium to small size bulk (carrying capacities between 40 to 60,000 tonnes) typically come with cargo handling gear. However larger vessels may use facilities on shore to load or unload.
-Cargo holdings are typically large and clear of obstructions. There are larger hatch dimensions so that cargoes can be unloaded and loaded easily.
A cargo hold is typically classified as an ballast storage. This is also a possibility to improve stability on ballast travels. It's also possible to ballast in part, but it is only permitted for ports.
They have single pull and stacking, or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
There are four kinds and sizes of ballast tanks:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Peak and after peak ballast water tank.

What is solid bulk cargo? Solid bulk cargo is anything other than liquids or gases that is made up of grains, particles, or larger pieces, and can be placed directly into the cargo area without extra containment. Cargoes carried by bulk carriers include "clean" food items as well as "dirty" minerals. They may react one another and with water sources that are contaminant, such as. This is why it is vital to prepare the cargo spaces for the specific product. To load the cargo, it is important to thoroughly clean the area. Surveyors may be needed to mark the space as ready to load. It is crucial that any residues of a previous cargo be removed to make sure that contamination doesn't occur. Bulk cargo damage is mostly caused by water. To avoid water intrusion, hatch covers must be watertight. All fittings within the hold (pipe guards and cover for bilge, etc.) need to be inspected. You must inspect each fitting within the hold (ladders,pipe guards,bilge covers...) to ensure that they are in good functioning order. If they're not properly fitted, the equipment could cause serious damages to conveyor systems which could cause delays. Check out this dry bulkers url for more.

Изображение

Bulk Carrier or Bulker? Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that is able to transport dry cargo. It is not intended to function as a liquid bulk carrier or tanker. Bulk carriers that are conventional have only a single deck that has a single skin, double-bottom topside and hopper side tanks. Bulk carriers have the ability to transport heavy ore and light grain with their greatest weight. The process of loading, transporting and then the discharge of dry bulk cargo is not as simple or straight-forward as people would imagine.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are hazardous and may be damaged throughout the journey. Uncorrect loading can cause the ship to break easily. A wrong loading can result in the ship breaking if you load a forward hold at its highest. This is known as stress. could result in dangerous consequences on the sea, particularly in severe weather. The last cargoes may be negatively impacted by the residues of earlier cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes can be affected by water damage. cement power. It is not always easy to determine the quantities of cargoes which were loaded or removed. All these factors have serious implications for the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes have the tendency of forming a cone when they are loaded, if conveyor belts and similar systems are not supervised and controlled. The angle that this cone develops is known as the angle, or repose'. It varies for every cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes can create a cone with a steep angle. But, cargoes that flow freely can make a shallow angle cone. Cargoes with low angles of repose tend to move more through the course of transport. Certain cargoes require bulldozers in order to help spread the load over the holds. The majority of dry bulk carriers rely on dock facilities to discharge cargo and load it onto the shores however certain bulk carriers come with self-unloading facilities with conveyors beneath the cargo storage areas or with cranes mounted on deck.


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